Jamaica, like most countries in the world, has developed strategies to manage the impact of globalisation and international trade on its domestic economy, development and living standards. The Anti-dumping and Subsidies Commission (the Commission), a portfolio agency of the Ministry of Industry, Investment and Commerce (MIIC) is one critical response by the Government to the need to manage the many facets of this phenomenon.
The Commission was established under the 1999 Customs Duties (Dumping and Subsidies) Act (CDDSA) and charged with responsibility to investigate cases of dumping and improper subsidisation of imported goods, and in appropriate cases, determine remedies in the form of anti-dumping and countervailing duties to defend Jamaican producers of like goods.
The Safeguard Act was passed in 2001 and its implementation was added to the mandate of the Commission. The Safeguard Act further enables the defence of domestic industries. It permits the imposition of safeguard measures, which may be duties or quotas, where the surge of imports causes or threatens serious injury to producers in Jamaica of like or directly competing goods. Safeguard Regulations passed in 2003 and almost immediately, the Commission received its first complaint under the Act. A safeguard differs from the other remedies (anti-dumping and countervail in that it may be applied in certain circumstances where there is no unfair trade in order to give an affected domestic industry a period in which to adjust and become competitive. Collectively, the redress available to businesses through the legal framework of agreements and acts administered by the Commission is referred to as Trade Remedies, and has been the core mandate of the Commission.
The Commission also takes a lead role in educating the business community and the public, on the current and evolving trade remedy regime and facilitates the ongoing development of legislation, international trade policy, and negotiating positions touching its mandate.
The core mandate of the Commission and the Commission’s strategy to perform its work creditably and be a Centre of Excellence in its field equips the Staff of the Commission with competencies in international trade jurisprudence and practice that have made the Commission a valuable national resource for trade policy development. Throughout the year, the Commission provided public education, as well as trade policy and negotiating support to both the Government and private sector.